SDG 6.5.1

Country Questionnaire for Indicator 6.5.1

Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0 – 100)


UN Environment is supporting countries in monitoring and reporting on Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6, including target 6.5: “By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate”1. The target supports the equitable and efficient use of water resources, which is essential for social and economic development, as well as environmental sustainability.

Indicator 6.5.1 is: Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0 – 100). Please refer to the “Step-by-step Monitoring Methodology for Indicator
for a full description of indicator 6.5.1, which provides additional guidance on completing the questionnaire, data collection, management and use.

The indicator score calculated using the responses to this questionnaire represents the current degree of IWRM implementation, on a scale from 0 to 100. The
process of completing the questionnaire, including national multi-stakeholder workshops, supports countries in identifying barriers or delays to further progress,
thereby providing a starting point for considering possible correcting actions towards achieving the IWRM target. The actions to achieve target 6.5 directly underpin
the various other water-related targets within SDG-6.

The IWRM Focal Point is responsible for submitting the final completed questionnaire to UN Environment for formal submission. This can be done by using one of the
following options (content is identical):

Option 1: Complete and submit the online version of the questionnaire in SurveyMonkey from the link available here:
Option 2: Complete and submit the Microsoft Word version of the questionnaire to the HelpDesk either electronically or via post or fax: HelpDesk at UN Environment Email:

Upon request, the helpdesk may provide support to the national IWRM focal points on matters such as interpretation of questions and thresholds, the appropriate
level of stakeholder engagement in countries, and support to uploading/submitting the final indicator scores.

1 This is being done as part of the GEMI initiative, coordinated by UN-Water, for monitoring and reporting of SDG targets 6.3 – 6.6, 6a and 6b. Support is provided in close collaboration with a number of UN-Water members and partners.

About the Questionnaire

The questionnaire contains four sections, each covering a key component of IWRM:

  • Enabling Environment: Creating the conditions that help to support the implementation of IWRM, which includes the most typical policy, legal and strategic planning tools for IWRM.
  • Institutions and Participation: The range and roles of political, social, economic and administrative institutions and other stakeholder groups that help to support the implementation of IWRM.
  • Management Instruments: The tools and activities that enable decision-makers and users to make rational and informed choices between alternative actions.
  • Financing: Budgeting and financing made available and used for water resources development and management from various sources.

Each section has two sub-sections covering the “National” and “Other” levels. Various levels are covered to address the target 6.5 wording “… at all levels.” “Other” levels include sub-national, basin, local and transboundary (see glossary). Questions relate to these levels depending on their relevance to the particular aspect of IWRM.

For each question, a score between 0 and 100 should be selected, in increments of 10, unless the country judges the question to be ‘not applicable (n/a)’. The score selection is guided by descriptive text for six thresholds, which are specific to each question. If a country judges the degree of implementation to be between two thresholds, the increment of 10 between the two thresholds may be selected. The potential scores that may be given for each question are: 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100.

The thresholds for each question are defined sequentially. This means that the criteria for all lower levels of implementation must be met in order for a country to
respond that it has reached a specific level of implementation for each question. Furthermore, if an aspect of IWRM is specified in a lower threshold, it is implicit that
this aspect must also be addressed in the higher thresholds for that question.

The thresholds are indicative and are meant to guide countries in choosing the most appropriate responses, i.e. selected responses should be a reasonable match, but do not have to be a perfect match, as each country is unique.

Respondents are strongly encouraged to add their justification for the score given in the space provided after each question, referencing evidence wherever possible (e.g. quoting reports, laws, plans etc.). This will significantly increase the robustness and objectivity of the questionnaire. It will help different stakeholder groups within the country to reach agreement on responses to each question; help countries analyse what is required to reach the next threshold; help countries to track progress over time; and allow for standardisation of degrees of implementation between countries. Countries are also welcome to provide additional relevant information or links to further documentation in the spaces provided after each question. Note that if ‘Very high’ or ‘n/a’ (not applicable) is selected as a response to any of the
questions, the respondents are required to provide a brief justification for this.

Indicator 6.5.1 is calculated as follows:

  1. Calculate the average score of each of the four sections by averaging all questions scores in each section.
  2. Calculate the average of the four section scores to give the overall score for indicator 6.5.1

If ‘not applicable’ is selected for any question, this will not be included in the indicator calculations, and therefore will not reduce the average score. All questions
should be given a score, unless ‘n/a’ is selected. It is not possible to omit questions.


• Authorities / organizations /institutions / departments: administrative units.
• Basins: Includes rivers, lakes and aquifers, unless otherwise stipulated. For surface water, the term is interchangeable with ‘catchments’ and ‘watersheds’.
• Federal countries: Refers to countries made up of federated states, provinces, territories or similar terms.
• IWRM: Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) is a process that promotes the coordinated development and management of water, land and related
resources in order to maximise the resultant economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems.
IWRM is not an end in itself but a means of achieving three key strategic objectives:

  • efficiency to use water resources in the best way possible;
  • o equity in the allocation of water across social and economic groups;
  • o environmental sustainability, to protect the water resource base, as well as associated ecosystems.

‘Most significant’ interstate basins: For federal countries only. Basins that cross state/provincial borders and are of reasonably high significance to those states
and/or the country.
• National (level): Refers to the highest level of administration in a country.
• Sub-national / state (level): refers to levels of administration other than national. For federated countries, these are likely to be provinces or states. Nonfederated countries may still have sub-national jurisdictions with some responsibility for water resources management, e.g. regions, counties, departments.
• Programs: Nation-wide plans of action with long-term objectives, for example to strengthen monitoring, knowledge sharing and capacity development, with
details on what work is to be done, by whom, when, and what means or resources will be used.
• Stakeholders: In this questionnaire, stakeholders are the main groups important for water resources management, development and use. Examples of
stakeholders in each group are given in footnotes as they appear in the survey.
• Water Resources Management is the activity of planning, developing, distributing and managing the optimum use of water resources. Ideally, water resource
management planning has regard to all the competing demands for water and seeks to allocate water on an equitable basis to satisfy all uses and demands. An
integrated approach (see IWRM) is needed to ensure water resources management is not isolated within sector silos resulting to inefficiencies, conflicts and
unsustainable resource use. Generally in this questionnaire, WRM activities (e.g. policies, laws, capacity development), must be based on IWRM approaches to
score 40 and above.